Sunday, February 10, 2019
Difference Between General Perspectives :: essays research papers
What is the difference between the world(a) perspectives? How does the work of Ritzer attempt to pommel this problem?Micro theories examine the processes of face-to-face contact among individuals and personal points-of-view in society whereas, the macro theories deal with large-scale social events of society - convey things that have public concern.The theories that are apart of the little-level are symbolic interactionism, dramaturgy, ethnomethodology, and change over speculation. Symbolic interaction is an individual-based theory that uses constructed symbols, such(prenominal) as language and gestures, to which deal give meaning in their everyday interactions. Dramaturgy, best stated by Goffman (1959), is what actors portray on a the theatrical stage is similar to the look people act in society. Ethnomethodology is basic common-sense used in for general situations in everyday life (Ritzer, 77). Exchange theory is a given(p) relationship is found to be attractive whereas the rewards tend to outweigh penalty (Blau, 1964).Structural functionalism and conflict theory are two types of macro-theories. Structural functionalism (Perrucci, 1983) has common chord main ideas 1) society is a system containing interdependent and interacting parts skip over together in time and space, 2) shared values among members of the system are social glue that helps hold it together, 3) and systems have a need for constancy and therefor attempt the parts working together harmoniously. Conflict theory is the belief that society contains basic inequalities in wealth, power, and prestige (Coser, 1967 Dahrendorf, 1959).Ritzer, like many a(prenominal) other sociologists, wants to disintegrate the split between the micro and macro sociology. Ritzer attempts to do this by adding on to Gurvitchs insights . Ritzer views the micro-macro issue, not by subjective-objective continuum, but the phenomena as subjective or objective therefore, concluding that there are quatern major levels of analysis (See Table I) that are a product of dialectic interrelationships (Ritzer, 1996).Table I - Ritzers Major Levels of Social Analysis macroscopicalI. Macro-objectiveExamples - society, law, bureaucracy, architecture, technology, and languageII. Macro-subjectiveExamples- culture, norms, and valuesIII. Micro-objectiveExamples - patterns of behavior, action, and interactionIV. Micro-subjectiveExamples - perceptions, beliefs the various facets of the social construction of earthly concernMICROSCOPICIn row 1, the macro-objective, involves the large-scale basic standards and material realities (Ritzer, 359) by which the general populous abides by whereas as the macro-subjective is the large-scale intangible ideals such as norms and values which shape our everyday lives. In row 2, the micro theories also have the objective and subjective consistencies but on a smaller scale.