Sunday, February 24, 2019
Ode to Autumn
ODE TO passslope John Keats This metrical composition, an ode, is the last of Keats odes. In it, the poet exhibits a rich mood of quietness by describing capitulation as a while of mellowly fecundity a season of ripeness and fulfillment. This ode is known for its remarkable aesthetical beauty that is crafted by employment of several visual, tactile and auditory imageries together with the personification of declivity as a woman set-aside(p) in variant late-blooming activities. In the showtime stanza, the poet has described the bounty of gloam. It is the season of mists and the ripening of fruit. crepuscle and the sun work together for the ripening of all kinds of fruits.The vines running traffic circle the edges of the thatch and apple trees growing in the bungalow garden argon weighed down with fruits. Their fruits atomic number 18 ripening during drop. Besides the gourds are becoming bigger and the hazel nuts are existence filled with smart kernels. For the bees, it appears as if t present is no end to their happy days summer as t hither(predicate) are some subsequently flowers still blooming in autumn, providing h nonpareily to them, even if their sticky combs are over-brimmed. The beautiful word pictures and several(a) visual and tactile imageries make the stanza a well-crafted one.In the second stanza, the poet moves from the country cottage to the outside dramatics and describes various activities associated with autumn. He does it by employing personification that one almost visualizes these activities. It is the season of harvest and since most of the harvest works are performed by women, autumn is described as a woman. First, it is seen as a woman doing the work of winnowing. Secondly, one whitethorn see it as a reaper, asleep in the half-finished furrow of crops. Thirdly, it may be seen as a gleaner, keeping her corn-burdened head steady as she crosses a brook.Finally, autumn may be seen as a woman standing patiently besid e a cider-press for the last drops of apple juice. Unlike the first stanza where autumn was bustling with activities, downslope is found static in suspended activity or arrested achievement in the second stanza and the readers are invited to move from one scene to another(prenominal) in search of autumn. In the final stanza, the poet appears to be overwhelmed by a pessimistic idea and asks closely the sweet music of spring which is go away in autumn. However, he right off rectifies himself and says there is nothing to worry about the songs of spring as autumn too has its own music.He then lists the various sounds of autumn which are generally heard in the evening time. The grief of the gnats, the loud bleating of the full-grown lambs, the singing of the hedge-crickets, the whistling of the red-breast and the twittering of the swallows are the prominent sounds that the poem deals with. Thus, the third stanza is about the music of autumn and the imagery is auditory. If in the f irst stanza, the positive side of autumn as the handmaid of summer is stressed, here the season is hailed as the prelude to winter.The theme of the poem is a delighted, sensuous enjoyment of the rich and mature beauty of autumn season. The poets imaginative response to the beauty of autumn appears in a series of pictural personifications of the season. The course of autumn traced in the poem is not restricted to autumn. The purport of the poem from fruition to harvest, from satisfaction to ending epitomizes the very process of life. charge sadness is seen in its true perspective as inseparable from and berth and parcel of the complete process. The poem is an acceptance of the beauty and the pain in life, and an affirmation of its dignity. Thou hast thy music too, is a relevant admonisher that each one has his own talent and should attain contentment in life. Extracts a) Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness, Close bosom- relay station of the maturing sun Conspiring with him how to load and bless. i) Why does the poet shout out autumn as the season of mists and mellow fruit-fullness? Ans. The poet addresses autumn as the season of mists as during this season, we can see mists on the open fields and on the other wet places in the mornings and evenings. He calls it a season of mellow fruitfulness because its during autumn that the fruits are in the process of ripening. i) How is autumn a close bosom-friend of the maturing sun? Ans. Autumn is a close friend of the maturing sun as both of them together help the fruits to ripen to the core. iii) What do the close friends devise? Ans. The two close friends, autumn and the sun conspire to load and bless the vines and apple trees with fruits, to swell the gourds, to plump the hazel shells with sweet kernels and to help bloom some much flowers. b) And still more, later flowers for the bees, Until they stand for warm days depart never cease. i) What does the poet mean by the later flowers? Ans.By the later flow ers, the poet means to convey that flowering does not stop immediately after summer in fact it continues kelvingh the number gets reduced. These are known as later flowers. ii) What makes the bees musical note that warm days will never cease? Ans. The presence of later flowers and availability of honey for the bees makes them feel that the warm days shall never cease. iii) Describe the bee hives. Ans. The bees have collected a lot of honey during summer, yet the presence of the later flowers makes them collect more and add it to their collection which is now over-filled in their sticky cells. ) Sometimes whoever seeks overseas may find Thee sitting careless on a garner floor, Thy hair soft-lifted by the winnowing wind i) Who or what is creation talked of here? Ans. Autumn is being talked of here. ii) What is the poetic device employed here and what is its force out? Ans. The poetic device employed here is personification as autumn is being described as a woman engaged in variou s harvest related activities. iii) Why is she seen sitting carelessly on the granary floor? What activity was she involved in? Ans. She can be seen sitting carelessly on the granary floor as she was engaged in winnowing work, i. e. eparating the chaff from the corn and she is sitting carelessly because she is not worried as the harvest has been very good. It is picture of fulfillment or contentment. iv) Mention at least two more places she can be seen. Also mention in what condition she can be seen at these places. Ans. She can be seen in a sleeping posture, as she had been bring forth to sleep by the intoxicating smell of the poppies growing in the field along with the corn, in a half-reaped furrow while her sickle spares the attached swath. She can also be seen as a gleaner, crossing a brook and keeping her head steady.She can be seen sitting patiently at a cider-press and watching for the last drops of apple juice trickling down from the press. d) Think not of them, thou hast t hy music too, i) Who is being addressed here? Ans. Autumn is being addressed here. ii) This line is the answer to a capitulum asked by the poet. What is the question? Ans. The question is Where are the songs of spring? Ay, where are they? iii) What is being referred to as them here and why should the addressee not think of them? Ans. The songs of spring is being referred to as them here and the addressee, i. . autumn should not think of them as it is delusive to think of the past. Its rather wise to live in the present. Besides, autumn has its own music too. iv) Name a few sources of music associated with the addressee. Ans. The mourn of the gnats, the loud bleats of the full-grown lambs, the songs of the hedge-crickets, the whistles of the red-breast and the twittering of the swallows are the prominent sounds associated with the addressee, autumn. e) Where are the songs of the Spring Ay, where are they? Think not of them, thou hast thy music too,While barred clouds bloom the so ft-dying day, And progress to the stubble plains with rosy hue i) Name the poet and the poem. Ans. The poet is John Keats and the poem is Ode to Autumn. ii) Who is being referred to as thou? Ans. Autumn is being referred to as thou. iii) What does the poet mean when he says songs of spring? Ans. By the songs of spring the poet refers to the joy and ebullience of spring season. iv) What image is conjured up with stubble plains? Ans. The grain has been harvested and only the short, dry stalks remain like the stubble of hair on the face.