Friday, February 15, 2019

Should Surrogate Motherhood be Allowed? Essay -- essays research paper

Surrogate Motherhood is when one women carries to termthe fertilized egg of another womanhoodhood. This military operation is chosenby married couples who can not conceive a child in the naturalway. In some cause the pay back may be able to produce anegg, but has no womb or some other physical problem whichprevents her from carrying a child. Whether or not the husbandcan produce a tumescent amount of spermatozoon is not a problem. Once theegg and sperm are combined in a petri dish fertilization is actu aloneylikely to occur. The couple will then choose a alternatemother and make an agreement in which she will carry the babyand release it to the communicable parents after the birth. There arefour incompatible kinds of surrogacy arrangements. TotalSurrogacy is when the woman bears a child that has been formedfrom the gametes of another woman and man and implanted in herbody. Partial Surrogacy occurs when the birth mothercontributes the ovum and the sperm is introduced by ar tificialinsemination. She is a biological parent of the child. commercial messageSurrogacy means a business-like transaction where a fee ischarged for the incubation period. Lastly, there is ano(prenominal)-Commercial Surrogacy in which there is no formal compact or any payment to the birth mother. It is usually an arrangement amidst close friends or family members.(1-10)There is no federal policy on the issue of surrogacy, allfifty states welcome been left to decide theses issues themselvesand seduce their own policies. The majority of the states havenot yet legislated on this subject. Those states that have takenpositions differ greatly from one another, such as atomic number 20and Virginia, who have taken opposing viewpoints California isthe state that is the most benevolent to the hereditary parents. Under California law surrogacy agreements are enforceableand the genetic parents are given all intelligent parental rights tothe child. In Virginia, all legitimate parenta l rights to the child aregiven to the surrogate mother. Who is the legal mother? In thecase of Johnson v. Calvert, in Virginia, the surrogate motherwas gear up to be the legal mother of the child. If this casewould have taken propose in California, the biological mother isthe legal mother. So it really depends on which state the act ofsurrogacy is taking place to name the legal mother. arcontracts for surrogate motherhood enforceable under American law? Again, i... ... both(prenominal)expert medical and psychological evaluations. Another majorquestion that arises is whether or not the commissioningparents have the right to tell surrogate mother how to live? Can the couple ban smoking, control alcohol, and other mental object intake? These issues need to be taken into mind beforechoosing a surrogate mother and needs to be stated in thecontract.(1-2) In conclusion, surrogate motherhood raises many legaland ethical dilemmas, especially that of who the legal mother is. Surrogate mo therhood dramatically alters society norms andcreates many disparate legal viewpoints. But no matter whichlegal body is transaction with this issue, they all face the same moraland ethical dilemma that a child born out of surrogacy has abond with both the genetic mother and the surrogate mother. The bond between these two women and this child is enduringand cannot be changed by law. The law can only govern whichwoman has the legal right to raise the child. Works CitedCentre Points, Volume 1, No. 1, Article 2, SurrogateMotherhood and its Human Costs, Suzanne Rozell Scorsone,Ph.D. 1-2Johnson v. Calvert, 5 Cal. 4th 84, 851p.2d 776, 19 Cal.Rptr. 2d 494 (1993) 1-10

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