Tuesday, March 12, 2019
EriksonÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory Essay
When discussing the posement theory, Erikson had been the frontier with many major contri neverthelessions. unlike Freud and Piaget, Eriksons theory of teaching focused much more on social interactions. While most of us agreed that children do turn toilet-trained between ages one and third, Eriksons theory also went bring forward to acknowledge that children also learn to talk, walk, feed themselves, etc.In ordinance to understand Eriksons theory of development, we need to focus on three main principles dynamic balance of opposites, vital involvement and life in time.Dynamic balance of oppositesThere are two opposing tendencies in dynamic balance of opposites dystonic (negative) and syntonic (positive). Erikson believed at that place were eight-spot layers, and at each one, the idiosyncratic resolved a crisis between the positive (syntonic) and negative (dystonic) tendencies (Erikson & Kivnick 1986). A dissolver of crisis does non mean that a person rejects either synto nic or dystonic completely, but rather that a person should find a balance between two of those tendencies.For instance, our American culture has frequently taught parents to never separate no to their children because that could potentially damage a childs self-esteem. However, Erikson would disagree and say that children do need to hear no sometimes to understand that the entire world does not revolve around them. Erikson would also say that cogent the child no all of the time is bad as well. lively involvement depends on the balance of syntonic and dystonic tendencies.Vital InvolvementErikson developed eight stages of development. First, the trust versus mistrust stage, where infants start to learn that either the world is fair and can be trusted, or is bad and cant be trusted (Erikson et.al 1986). For instance, Erikson would state that babies learn to trust their caregivers for not letting them go hungry, but babies also learn to mistrust their caregivers for yelling at the m and not feeding them consistently. Second, the autonomy versus shame and doubt stage where children learn roughly their own selves which is separate from their caregivers (Erikson et.al 1986).In this stage, children usually develop their own leave behind and desires and applythem well by saying no. When children start to smell comfortable using no as a way to match their desires, they shake reached the initiative versus guilt stage. In this stage, children learn to internalize determine from the elder and also acquire the sense of guilt for wrongdoing. The next stage is industry versus inferiority where children explore the greater world in bare(a) school and their surroundings. Erikson did pay a lot of attention in the indistinguishability versus confusion stage because it focuses on adolescents and their individuality crisis.Fidelity is the heart of identity because adolescents share some of their parents values, as well as develop their own. The last three stages includ e intimacy versus isolation, generativity versus stagnation, and integrity versus despair. each(prenominal) of these stages focuses greatly on the continuity of human development until death. Erikson recognized that there are certain time periods when it might be easier for some to develop and harder for others to develop, depending on the environment that influence them.For instance, some children who faced hardships (family separation, family violence, etc.) might have trouble in certain stages or even all of the stages, depending on where the factors start. Life in timeErikson referred to his theory of development as epi genesis. Epigenesis is pertinent to evolution (the past and the future) and genetics. Erikson explained, epi can mean above in seat as well as before in time, and connected with genesis can well represent the space-time nature of all development (Erikson et.al 1986). Erikson did not refer epigenetic to individual genetic make-up and how it influences individua l development. Rather, Erikson was come to with how personality and behavior is influenced after birth and so on. For instance, my mother has had a hard time adjusting with American culture when we first migrated here from Vietnam.My child and I started to adapt to the new culture right awayfrom habiliments style, hairstyle, hobbies, etc. in which my mother had a very difficult time to accept. She wanted us to keep our traditional customs at home, as well as outside our home. At first, we snarl reluctant because we felt she did not understand the importance of fitting-in at school. However, as we started college, my sister and I started to realize that our culture and traditions are unique and understand where my mother was glide slopefrom (Identity/ confusion stage).ConclusionErikson had dedicated his life by contributing to developmental psychology in major ways. Eriksons theory of development is til now widely used and studied by many scholars.