Monday, April 8, 2019

Understanding Leadership Styles Essay Example for Free

Understanding Leadership Styles EssayThere atomic number 18 a number of factors that will process the look of lead a loss loss leader may choose, such as The working purlieu,The task or project that is being tackled,The stave themselves and their preferred style of working, along with their personal traits and qualities How do you determine what is an distract style?Any leader uses a range of different styles at different times during the wrinkle of a single day. Decisions absorb to be made and it may be appropriate for different styles of lead at different times, and for different situations during that day. A nonher factor that has to be considered when choosing a leaders style is that the leadership style at the beginning should be consistent with what mess in the government activity expect. Transactional leadershipThis is do by enticing supply with reinforcements such as bonuses, prizes, virtuallything that will be of benefit to the supply portion thes e are reach outd by setting targets. The outcome of this will be that the target is achieved only the morale of the aggroup may be affected with some doing very thoroughly and gaining great recognition, others non so well which fundament demoralise the staff and affect their enthusiasm for future tasks. Transformation leadershipThis is a beliefs and determine type of leading getting the team up to believe the muckle of the final aim. This is done by talk of the town and listening to the team and being positive and enthusiastic rough the aim. One of the benefits of this type of leadership in comparison with Transactional leadership is that no one feels like they are being singled out for under achieving as they are completely working together and believe in the leaders survey, this is done by supporting(a) individuals values and enthusiasm for the task. Authentic LeadershipThis is a leader who is extremely untroubled at what they do whilst remaining grounded and in tou ch with their workforce, an assumed leader sort of than elected. They git inspire their staff to achieve great things with theirpassion commitment and drive, whilst still connecting with their team by showing their appreciation and encouragement to team members.Autocratic LeadershipAutocratic leaders insist on doing it all themselves. They have all the power, hand all the decisions, and dont a lot tell anyone else about what theyre doing. An oppressive leader often maintains their authority by force, intimidation, threats, reward and punishment, or position. Although they may or may not have a clear vision, and may or may not be steering the nerve in the right direction, they are not refer with whether anyone else agrees with what them or not. One positive with autocratic leadership is that it allows quick decision-making, and eliminates arguments over how and why things get done. On the negative it may reduce the likelihood of getting a range of different ideas from differe nt people, and freighter make people feel as though they are being treated badly, or as if they dont matter.If, as is often true, the leader is concerned with his own power and status, hell be looking over his shoulder, and moving to squelch any opposition to him or his ideas and decisions. Innovation or the use of others ideas is only permissible if its part of the leaders plan. Effects on the organization. Autocratic leaders often leave fear and qualm in their wake. Others in the organization tend to copy their protection of their position, and their distrust of others ideas and motives. Often, autocratically -led organizations are not particularly supportive of personal relationships, but a lot more keyed to chain-of-command. Everyone has her own sphere, and protects it at all costs. Communication tends to go in only one direction up as a way out of which rumor can become the standard way of spreading news in the organization.At its exceed (and there are decent autocratic leaders see the box directly below ), autocratic leadership provides a stable and secure work environment and decisive, useful leadership. All too often, however, it can sacrifice initiative, new ideas, and the individual and group development of staff members for the predictability of a extremely structured, hierarchical environment where everyone knows exactly what hes supposed to do, and follows orders withoutquestion. Although the above paints a pretty bleak picture, many autocratic leaders are not hated and feared, but rather esteemed, and even loved. It depends on their own personalities like anyone else, they can be nice people, or highly charismatic, or even willing to listen to and act on others ideas on the organization itself (in the military, most soldiers want someone firmly in charge), on the quality of their decisions, and on the unavoidably of the people they lead. If theyre primarily decent and not abusive, make grievous decisions for the organization, and fulfil the parent-figure or authority -figure photograph that most people in the organization are looking for, they can be both(prenominal) effective and well-respected.2. Managerial. The leader who sees herself as a manager is concerned primarily with the running of the organization. Where its going is not at issue, as long as it gets there in good shape. She may pay attention to relationships with and among staff members, but only in the service of forbiding things running smoothly. Depending upon the nature and stability of the organization, her main reduce may be on funding, on strengthening the organizations systems and infrastructure (policies, positions, equipment, etc.), or on making authorized day-to-day operations go well (including making sure that everyone is doing what hes supposed to). If shes efficient, a managerial leader will generally be on top of whats happening in the organization. Depending on the size of the organization and her management level, shell hav e control of the budget, know the policies and procedures manual inside out, be aware of whos doing his clientele efficiently and whos not, and deal with issues quickly and firmly as they come up. What she wont do is steer the organization. dream isnt her business maintaining the organization is. Effects on the organization.In general, a well-managed organization, regardless of its leadership style, is a more or less pleasant place to work. Staff members don t have to worry about ambiguity, or about whether theyll get paid. As long as oversight is relatively civil no screaming at people, no setting staff members against one another things go along on an even keel. soundly managers even try to foster friendly relationships with and among staff, because they make the organization work better. On the other hand, good management without a clear vision creates an organization with no sense of purpose. The organization may apparently act to support the status quo, doing what it ha s al slipway done in order to keepthings running smoothly. That position neither fosters passion in staff members, nor takes account of the changing necessitys (and they do change) of the target existence or the community.The organization may do what it does efficiently and wellbut what it does may not be what it should be doing, and it wont be examining that possibility any time soon. Obviously, the leader of any organization as well as any other administrator has to be a manager at least some of the time. umpteen are in fact excellent managers, and keep the organization running smoothly on a number of levels. The issue here is the style that person adopts as a leader. If she sees management as her first-string purpose, shes a managerial leader, and will have a very different slant on leadership than if her style is essentially democratic, for instance. 3. Democratic. A democratic leader understands that there is no organization without its people. He looks at his and others positions in terms of responsibilities rather than status, and often consults in decision-making. While he solicits, values, and takes into account others opinions, however, he sees the ultimate responsibility for decision-making as his own. He accepts that authority also means the buck stops with him. Although he sees the organization as a cooperative venture, he knows that he ultimately has to face the consequences of his decisions alone.Democratic leadership invites the companionship of staff members and others, not only in decision-making, but in shaping the organizations vision. It allows everyone to express opinions about how things should be done, and where the organization should go. By bringing in everyones ideas, it enriches the organizations possibilities. But it still leaves the final decisions about what to do with those ideas in the hands of a single person. Some models of democratic leadership might put the responsibility in the hands of a teensy group a managemen t team or executive charge rather than an individual. Effects on the organization.Democratic leadership, with its emphasis on equal status, can encourage friendships and good relationships throughout the organization. (In more hierarchical organizations, clerical staff and administrators are unlikely to socialize, for instance in a democratically-led organization, such socialization often happens.) It helps people feel valued when their opinions are solicited, and even more so if those opinions are incorporated into a final decision or policy. What a democratic leadership doesnt necessarily do although it can isestablish staff ownership of the organization and its goals. Although everyone may be asked for ideas or opinions, not all of those are use or incorporated in the workings of the organization. If there is no real(a) discussion of ideas, with a resulting general agreement, a sense of ownership is unlikely.Thus, democratic leadership may have some of the drawbacks of aut ocratic leadership a lack of buy-in without the advantages of quick and clear decision-making that comes with the elimination of consultation. 4. Collaborative. A cooperative leader tries to involve everyone in the organization in leadership. She is truly first among equals, in that she may protrude discussion, pinpoint occupations or issues that need to be addressed, and keep track of the organization as a whole, rather than of one particular job. But decisions are made through a collaborative process of discussion, and some form of either majority or consensus agreement. Toward that end, a collaborative leader tries to foster trust and teamwork among the staff as a whole. A collaborative leader has to let go of the need for control or power or status if she is to be effective.Her goal is to foster the collaborative process, and to empower the group whether the staff and others involved in an organization, or the individuals and organizations participating in a community initi ative to control the vision and the workings of the organization. She must trust that, if people have all the relevant information, theyll make good decisionsand she must make sure that they have that information, and provide the facilitation that assures those good decisions. Effects on the organization. Collaborative leadership comes as miserly as possible to ensuring that members of the organization buy into its vision and decisions, since they are directly involved in creating them. It comes closest to the goal of servant leadership explored in the previous section (Please see Chapter 13, Section 2 Servant Leadership Accepting and Maintaining the Call of Service), and it also comes closest to reflecting the concepts of equality and empowerment included in the philosophy and mission of so many grass roots and community- found organizations. It thus re impresss much of the distrust that often exists between line staff and administrators.David Chrislip and Carl E. Larson, in Col laborative Leadership How Citizens and Civic Leaders Can shambling a Difference, equate collaborative leadership not only with servant leadership, but with transformational (see below) andfacilitative leadership as well. They identify intravenous feeding characteristics of the collaborative leader * Inspiring commitment and action. The collaborative leader helps people develop the vision and passion to start and maintain the work. * Leading as a peer problem solver. The collaborative leader facilitates problem solving by modeling and teaching a process, and by aid others bring their experience and ideas to bear. * Building broad-based involvement. The collaborative leader invites everyone concerned into an inclusive process. * Sustaining hope and participation. Reaching goals may take a long time.The collaborative leader both helps the group set interim goals so it can see progress, and, by example and in other ways, helps to maintain the passion and commitment to keep going whe n theres no end in sight. Collaborative leaders also generally foster close relationships among staff members, making for more communication and cross-fertilization in their work, and leading to more effective ways to accomplish the organizations goals. On the down side, management can be neglected in favor of create a collaborative organization. Even more to the point, collaborative decision-making can be excruciating. Depending upon the group, ideas can be talked to death, and insignificant disagreements about insignificant areas of policy can take hours to resolve. Collaborative decision-making can be democratic based on a majority vote after discussion or dependent on arriving at consensus, with a range of possibilities in between. Consensus decision-making is particularly difficult, in that it requires everyone to agree before a decision can be made.A single determined individual can derail the process indefinitely. Even at its best, a consensus process can take inordinate amounts of time, and try the patience of all involved. Its not undoable to employ, but it takes real commitment to the ideal of consensus, and enormous patience. In practice, true consensus decision-making is most often used in collective organizations, which are significantly different from collaborative ones, and often involve everyone in leadership. some other way of looking at leadership styleA different view, popularized by James MacGregor Burns, contrasts devil styles of leadership transactional and transformational. Transactional leadership, as its name implies, views leadership as based on proceedingbetween leader and followers. The leader sees human relations as a series of transactions. Thus rewards, punishments, reciprocity, exchanges (economic, emotional, physical) and other such transactions are the basis of leadership. In simplest terms, I lead this organization by paying you and telling you what you need to do you respond by doing what you need to do efficiently an d well, and the organization will prosper.Transformational leadership looks at leadership differently. It sees a true leader as one who can distill the values and hopes and needs of followers into a vision, and then encourage and empower followers to pursue that vision. A transactional leader thinks of melioration or development as doing the same thing better an organization that reaches more people, a come with that makes more money. A transformational leader thinks about changing the world, even if only on a small scale. Combining the two views of leadership styleThese two ways of looking at leadership style are not mutually exclusive in fact, its easier to look at leadership in the circumstance of both. Assuming, as almost all leadership theorists do, that transformational is either better than, or a necessary addendum to, transactional leadership, what elements go into creating a transformational leader? What styles are transformational leaders likely to employ, and how? Ele ments of transformational leadershipThe transformational leader conceives of leadership as helping people to create a common vision and then to pursue that vision until its realized. She elicits that vision from the needs and aspirations of others, gives it form, and sets it up as a goal to strive for. The vision is not hers it is a divided up vision that each person sees as his own. Martin Luther Kings overwhelming I Have A Dream voice communication derived its power not only from the beauty of his oratory, but from the fact that it crystallized the feelings of all those citizens, of all races, who believed that racial discrimination was a great wrong. In that terminology, King spoke with the voices of the hundreds of thousands who stood before the Lincoln Memorial, and of millions of others who shared in his vision. That speech remains as the defining moment of the Civil Rights struggle, and defined King who had already proved his boldness in Birmingham and elsewhere as a tr ansformational leader. The conception behind transformational leadership is thus providing and working toward avision, but also has elements of empowerment, of taking care of people, and even of task orientation. The job of the transformational leader is not just to provide inspiration and then disappear. It is to be there, day after day, convincing people that the vision is reachable, alteration their commitment, priming their enthusiasm. Transformational leaders work harder than anyone else, and, in the words of a spiritual, keep their eyes on the prize.The methods that transformational leaders might use to reach their goals can vary. Theyll virtually always include involving followers in the goal, as well as charisma, which comes, if not from personal characteristics, from the ability to put a mutual vision into words, and to move a group toward the realization of that vision. Transformational leaders may also use sharing power, setting an example, and/or persuasion to help mov e a group toward its goal. What style does all that imply? The managerial style is perhaps least appropriate to transformational leadership, since it pays no attention to vision. The autocratic pays little attention to the ideas of others, and is not generally congenial to the transformational leader. On the other hand, there was Hitler, who tapped into the deepest emotions of those he led, and voiced them in a frightening but highly effective way. There is no guarantee that a transformational leader will work for the overture of humanity, although he may couch his vision in those terms. The intersection of the transformational and the autocratic is not impossible, but it normally has, at best, mixed results.Fidel Castro initiated and has maintained desperately-needed land, education, health, and other reforms in Cuba, for which he is still revered by much of the islands population. He also eliminated any vestige of political freedom, imprisoned and executed dissenters and politica l opponents, and was at least partially responsible for destroying much of Cubas economic base in the name of ideological purity. As with the four styles described earlier, there is no guarantee that either a transactional or transformational leader will be an effective one. The democratic and collaborative styles are both better possibilities for transformational leadership. Both allow for input from everyone, and both encourage participation in the realization of long-term goals. It can be difficult for a highly motivated, charismatic leader to operate in the collaborative mode, but it can also be staggeringly satisfying.There is an argument to be madethat, because of the high degree of ownership of the vision in a collaboratively-run organization, the collaborative style could be the most successful for transformational leadership. As noted above, David Chrislip and Carl Larson actually see collaborative and transformational leadership as essentially the same.and of course the le aders qualities and personal traits are a major factor, whether they are confident , inspirational, approachable, committed, knowledgeable, disciplined, open minded, responsible, positive, energising , trustworthy,

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