Monday, August 12, 2019

Human Growth and development assignment 8 Essay

Human Growth and development assignment 8 - Essay Example Thus, social bonding is of paramount significance for infants to develop trust. The interaction of the infant’s temperament with the experiences in the immediate environment influences the personality development. Hence, the quality of interaction between the infants and caregivers plays a critical role in influencing personality development during infancy. Fundamentally, infants are self-centered, and their primary concern is to satisfy their physical desires. For instance, hunger is a primary concern for infants. The preschool children have patterns of psychosocial, social, and moral development. Notably, the preschool children tend to assert their control, as well as, power over the world by directing social interactions. For instance, the children take charge of their play. Similarly, the successful children in the preschool years feel they have the capacity to lead the others. In contrast, the unsuccessful children display a sense of self-doubt, guilt, and lack of initiatives. Socially, the preschool children will create friends and depart from the side-to-side play with their caregivers. The relationship between the preschool children and immediate people influences the social development (Mahmud, 2013). For example, the children will drift towards particular children and form strong relationships with them. At this stage, the children learn to cooperate with friends while playing and sharing things such as toys. Morally, the children will display empathy (Shaffer & Kipp, 2013). The chil d transits from self-centeredness to embrace empathy. Hence, the child exhibits a sense of consideration. The preschoolers become aware of what is wrong and right. The infancy and preschool phases have similarities, as well as, differences. Notably, the parent-child relationship influences social development during infancy and preschool years. The

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